Medically reviewed on June 27, 2022 by Jordan Stachel, M.S., RDN, CPT. To give you technically accurate, evidence-based information, content published on the Everlywell blog is reviewed by credentialed professionals with expertise in medical and bioscience fields.
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Blood sample testing is an important tool for healthcare providers to evaluate and better understand aspects of your health. One of the most important of these lab tests is the comprehensive metabolic panel, also known as a CMP Test. Read on to learn more about what the panel includes below.
The comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures substances in the blood that can provide insight into metabolism and chemical balance. Metabolism is the process by which the body breaks down food and turns it into energy that the cells can easily use .
A comprehensive metabolic panel test is relatively expansive in what it measures. It evaluates 14 different substances present in the blood. The test result includes:
Any abnormal levels with any of these substances may point to serious underlying health problems .
Your healthcare provider may order a comprehensive metabolic panel as part of a regular checkup. Suppose you are using certain types of medication. In that case, your healthcare provider may also ask for a CMP to monitor the effectiveness of treatment and any potential side effects you may be experiencing.
If your provider believes you may have kidney or liver problems, they may order a CMP to check.
Generally, your healthcare provider can use a CMP to check for:
A comprehensive metabolic panel offers a simple blood draw. Your healthcare provider may ask you to fast, meaning you can’t eat or drink anything other than water. Food can cause some of the substances, like glucose, to fluctuate, which can throw off the results.
Why Are You Supposed to Fast Before a Blood Test?
Metabolic testing: what is it and how does it work?
Understanding exercise and metabolism
1. Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP). MedlinePlus. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.