Written on August 21, 2023 by Lori Mulligan, MPH. To give you technically accurate, evidence-based information, content published on the Everlywell blog is reviewed by credentialed professionals with expertise in medical and bioscience fields.
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Vaccination is an important prevention tool against sexually transmitted infections. You may wonder what STDs have vaccines. Currently, vaccines are available to protect against infection with Human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A, and hepatitis B.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HPV infections and cervical precancers have dropped since 2006, when HPV vaccines were first used in the U.S.
Each HPV vaccine went through strict safety testing before the Food and Drug Administration licensed them. Over 15 years of monitoring and research have continued to show that HPV vaccination is safe.
Each vaccine was found to be safe and effective in clinical trials. Since late 2016, Gardasil® 9 has been the only HPV vaccine available for use in the United States.
More than 135 million doses of HPV vaccines have been distributed since they were licensed.
Common side effects from HPV shots are mild and get better within a day or two. These include:
Tell the doctor or nurse if your child has any severe allergies, like an allergy to latex or yeast.
Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. Some people with hepatitis B are sick for only a few weeks, but for others, the disease progresses to a serious, lifelong illness known as chronic hepatitis B.
Yes. The hepatitis B virus can be found in the blood, semen, and other body fluids of an infected person. A person who has sex with an infected partner can become infected with the virus.
Yes. The hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective. You need to get all shots in the series to be fully protected.
Yes. There are very small risks that a serious problem could occur, but soreness at the injection site is the most common side effect.
No. The hepatitis B vaccine does not contain any live virus.
Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV is found in the stool and blood of people who are infected. Hepatitis A is very contagious. It spreads when someone unknowingly ingests the virus through close personal contact with an infected person or through eating contaminated food or drink. Symptoms of hepatitis A can last up to 2 months and include fatigue, nausea, stomach pain, and jaundice. The best way to prevent hepatitis A is to get vaccinated.
To get the full benefit of the hepatitis A vaccine, more than one shot is needed. The number and timing of these shots depend on the type of vaccine you are given. Practicing good hand hygiene plays an important role in preventing the spread of hepatitis A.
The following people should be vaccinated against hepatitis A:
There are two types of hepatitis A vaccine. The first type, the single-dose hepatitis A vaccine, is given as two shots, six months apart, and both shots are needed for long-term protection against hepatitis A. The other type is a combination vaccine that protects people against both hepatitis A and hepatitis B. The combination vaccine can be given to anyone 18 years of age and older and is given as three shots over six months. All three shots are needed for long-term protection for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
Yes, both types of hepatitis A vaccines are highly effective in preventing hepatitis A virus infection. Receiving the entire vaccine series (all of the required shots) results in long-term protection.
Yes. No serious side effects have been reported. Soreness at the injection site is the most common side effect reported. As with any medicine, there is always a small risk that a serious problem could occur after someone gets the vaccine.
No. There is a separate vaccine available for hepatitis B. There is also a combination hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine that offers protection for both viruses.
Research to develop vaccines against herpes and HIV is advanced, with several vaccine candidates in early clinical development. There is evidence suggesting that the vaccine to prevent meningitis provides some cross-protection against gonorrhea. More research into vaccines for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis is needed.
Here are a few ways that Everlywell can help.
While Everlywell does not offer vaccines, it does offer Everlywell STI consultsbin two hours or less. Your virtual care visit will include a discreet video call with a licensed board-certified nurse practitioner.
STI kits: getting tested is invaluable