Written on December 21, 2023 by Gillian (Gigi) Singer, MPH, Sexuality Educator & Certified Sexologist. To give you technically accurate, evidence-based information, content published on the Everlywell blog is reviewed by credentialed professionals with expertise in medical and bioscience fields.
Table of contents
Chlamydia is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can manifest in the mouth, reproductive organs, urethra, rectum, or cervix. It is readily identifiable, manageable, and responsive to antibiotics.
As a significant number of individuals with the infection remain asymptomatic and avoid testing, the STI tends to increase, particularly among those actively engaged in sexual activity aged 14 to 25.
The duration of a chlamydial infection hinges on proper diagnosis and treatment. When appropriately addressed, chlamydia typically resolves within one to two weeks. Completing the entire antibiotic course is crucial to combat the infection effectively. Abstaining from sexual activity during treatment is essential to prevent reinfection.
It is estimated by the CDC that around 2 million people have chlamydia in the United States. It is spread easily because people often are unaware that they have it.
Chlamydia can be and is commonly diagnosed in a few ways.
This involves collecting a urine sample, which is then tested for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA.
Swabs are used to collect samples from the cervix, urethra, rectum, or throat, depending on the suspected site of infection.
Research and common medical practice show that Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAATs) are a preferred method to detect Chlamydia trachomatis. These tests identify small amounts of DNA or RNA.
NAAT tests are done in the following steps:
Chlamydia is not typically detected through a blood test because it isn’t a bloodborne disease, though blood tests can determine whether you have chlamydia antibodies, which can reveal current or past chlamydia infections.
If you are sexually active, you should be regularly tested for sexually transmitted infections, especially if:
Additionally, the CDC posits that if you're sexually active, assigned female at birth, and younger than 25, you should test for chlamydia and gonorrhea at least once a year. The CDC also recommends annual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing for those who are assigned male at birth and gay or bisexual.
When it comes to chlamydia testing with Everlywell, you have options! You can use Everlywell’s Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test, Everlywell’s STD Test designed for those assigned female at birth, or Everlywell’s STD Tests designed for those assigned male at birth.
How it works:
Gillian (Gigi) Singer, MPH is an American Board of Sexology Certified Sexologist and trained Sexuality Educator who primarily works in sexual health communications as a health writer. Gillian earned her BA in Gender, Sexuality & Women's Studies and Spanish from Union College (NY), spent a year as a Fulbright Scholar, and then continued her education with Modern Sex Therapy Institutes before earning her MPH from Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health with a Certificate in Sexuality, Sexual & Reproductive Health. She is the owner of The Gigi Spot, LLC, a digital sexuality education platform and brand. Gillian aims to educate and use compassion and empathy to foster positive change and development. Her professional interests include sexuality education, curriculum design and consulting, and sex technology.