Man with hands over groin experiencing uncomfortable symptoms while wondering how to relieve UTI pain

How to Relieve UTI Pain: Key Points

Medically reviewed on August 18, 2023 by Jillian Foglesong Stabile, MD, FAAFP. To give you technically accurate, evidence-based information, content published on the Everlywell blog is reviewed by credentialed professionals with expertise in medical and bioscience fields.

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UTIs are the single most infection contracted outside of a medical setting. The condition is caused by bacteria that find their way into the urinary system, often causing dysuria (discomfort or a painful burning sensation while urinating). [1]

The main way to treat a urinary tract infection and reduce UTI symptoms is to start a round of antibiotics prescribed by a healthcare provider. With medication, dysuria typically abates a few days after starting your prescription. However, if you are not taking antibiotics, several behavioral changes can help dispel pain while your immune system works to repair the infection.

Below, we’ll review how to relieve UTI pain, as well as how to seek care if your dysuria does not go away on its own.

6 Remedies for Relieving UTI Pain and Discomfort

As mentioned, diagnosed UTIs are typically treated with antibiotics in cooperation with your healthcare provider. Milder cases of UTIs may resolve on their own, though it may take longer for urination to feel comfortable again.

If you’re waiting for UTI symptoms to pass, the following home remedies and practices may be incorporated to encourage the healing process.

1. Take Antibiotics

If you’ve been diagnosed with a UTI, taking antibiotics is the most effective way to deal with both the source and symptoms of your infection. At times, severe dysuria accompanying a UTI may be treated with pain medication, like phenazopyridine. [2]

Antibiotics commonly prescribed for UTIs include: [3]

  • Trimethoprim usually prescribed in combination with sulfamethoxazole
  • Fosfomycin
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Cephalexin
  • Ceftriaxone

Antibiotic rounds for UTIs vary in length depending on the severity of your UTI. [3] If your UTI is mild, this may be for as few as 1 to 3 days. [3] Symptoms like dysuria tend to dissipate several days after beginning treatment.

However, even if you notice your symptoms recede, you must complete your course of antibiotics. [3] This prevents the bacteria in your urinary system from developing a resistance to the medicine, making future UTIs easier to treat if you get them.

2. Drink Lots of Fluids

Increasing your liquid intake helps to dilute urine and rid the bladder of infection-causing bacteria. Whenever possible, opt for beverages like water, seltzers, and herbal teas.

For the time being, it’s best to minimize your consumption of the following [3]:

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Caffeinated beverages like coffee or black tea
  • Sodas
  • Citrus-based juices

Caffeinated beverages in particular tend to dehydrate the body and aggravate your bladder while it’s healing. [3] Many people also find these beverages tend to heighten their UTI discomfort, rather than dispelling it.

3. Be Sure to Wipe Completely

If you are a person AFAB, be sure to wipe thoroughly each time you go to the bathroom. Preferably wiping from front to back. Excess urine may worsen the sensation of burning.

You might try wiping once, waiting, and wiping again to ensure you’ve cleared everything away. If you use a bidet or toilet shower, this can also help clean up after you use the bathroom. And remember to always wipe front to back.

4. Use a Warm Compress

Sometimes, applying heat to an affected area can provide temporary relief from painful symptoms. [3] You might try tending to dysuria by using:

  • A hot water bottle
  • A heated blanket
  • A heating pad
  • A warm washcloth

Before applying the compress to your lower abdomen or pelvic area, be sure the temperature is warm to the touch (not burning hot).

5. Try an Over-the-Counter Solution

Over-the-counter pain relief medicines like Uristat® or AZO® help some people find dysuria relief. [2] These are short-term medications that can sometimes have side effects like altering the color of your urine.

If you’ve never taken Uristat® or AZO® before, or are currently taking antibiotics for a UTI, it’s best to consult with your healthcare provider before taking it.

6. Try Cranberry Juice

Cranberries contain a nutrient that may encourage certain infection-causing bacteria to exit the bladder. [4] While there is no medical consensus establishing the efficacy of cranberry juice for UTIs, many people report these home remedies help assuage their symptoms of discomfort.

So, if you can find pure cranberry juice, it may be worth trying this home remedy. You can also dilute the cranberry juice with water or seltzer to make the taste milder.

What Else Causes Dysuria?

Dysuria is not strictly associated with UTIs. It can also be a symptom of several other conditions affecting the urinary system.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Painful urination is a common symptom of several sexually transmitted infections, including:

  • Gonorrhea [6]
  • Chlamydia [7]
  • Genital herpes (caused by ulcer) [8]
  • Trichomoniasis [8]

If you notice dysuria alongside other symptoms like discharge from your urethra or a rash, it’s a good idea to seek out STI testing.5 Visiting a clinic or screening for infection with an at-home STI test kit can help discern whether your symptoms are UTI-related or the rest of an STI.


While UTIs are one of the most common types of infections, cystitis—an inflammation of the bladder—is the most common cause of dysuria. [12]

Like UTIs, cystitis is typically treated with antibiotics.13 This can help ensure the infection does not spread to the kidneys. [13] If you notice UTI symptoms like dysuria as well as a fever, pain in your back or sides, or nausea, it’s important to reach out to your healthcare provider to get started on medication as soon as possible. [13]

Urinary Stones

Urinary stones, which can originate in the bladder or kidneys, are small mineral composites that can form in your urinary system.14 While some may pass on their own, others may require surgery to treat. [14] They are usually painful and can cause symptoms like: [14]

  • Dysuria
  • Hematuria
  • Abdominal pain
  • Feeling the need to pee often
  • Interruptions during urination
  • Cloudy or dark urine

If you think you may have urinary stones, pay a visit to your healthcare provider. While the condition may be caused by urine retention, it can also be a symptom of more aggressive conditions like an enlarged prostate or nerve damage. [14]


People assigned male at birth (AMAB) are less likely than AFAB people to get a UTI. This is because the male urethra is longer and more difficult for bacteria to access than the female urethra.

If you fall into this demographic and have not been diagnosed with a UTI, it may be worth visiting your healthcare provider. This may be especially advisable if you notice your pain worsen, or experience symptoms like: [1]

  • Odor in urine
  • Cloudy-looking urine
  • Fever
  • Pain in your back or side
  • Discharge from your penis or vagina
  • Pink, red, or rusty-looking urine which indicates the presence of blood in the urine (hematuria)

These symptoms are often associated with prostatitis, or an inflammation of the prostate gland.15 Like the urinary system, the prostate can also be vulnerable to bacterial infection. [15]

Prostatitis can be especially common in adult men and men with a history of urinary infection.15 However, it’s important to seek treatment swiftly, as untreated prostatitis can lead to sexual dysfunction, fertility issues, and even a blood or spinal infection. [15]

When Should I Seek Treatment for a UTI?

So, how long can a UTI go untreated? There are several occasions when it’s recommended you seek clinical treatment for a UTI:

  • Recurring UTIs – UTIs affect up to 60% of people assigned female at birth (AFAB), and a large number of them are likely to get them multiple times in a single year period. [Can recurrent UTIs be a sign of cancer]( or a cause for concern? Not exactly, but experiencing recurring UTIs is reason enough to seek direction from a healthcare provider. They may recommend a long-term course of antibiotics for the treatment of recurrent UTIs. These typically last around 6 months, but potentially longer depending on their diagnosis of recurrent UTIs. [3]
  • Persistent or worsening symptoms – If you’ve contracted a UTI but your symptoms are not abating on their own, it’s best to see a healthcare provider for treatment. In addition to screening for other conditions that cause dysuria, they may be able to evaluate you for anatomical abnormalities that could be contributing to UTIs.

How to Prevent UTIs

You may be at higher risk of contracting a UTI if [9]:

  • You are an older adult
  • You are a person AFAB
  • You are sexually active
  • You are pregnant
  • You use a diaphragm
  • You have undergone menopause
  • You are currently using a catheter

Whatever demographic you fall into, preventative measures and lifestyle habits are one of the best ways to limit your chances of infection or re-infection. To offset your chances of contracting a UTI, you can [10]:

  • Drink plenty of water and fluids to help dilute your urine daily
  • If you use menstrual products, switch them regularly
  • Wipe from front to back, ensuring you’ve removed all urine and debris from your groin
  • Opting for loose-fitting clothing
  • Wearing cotton underwear or other breathable fabrics
  • Urinate before and after having sex
  • Using a water-based personal lubricant
  • Avoiding the use of spermicide
  • Avoiding urine retention by urinating when you need to go to the bathroom
  • If you use one, switching out your diaphragm for a different form of birth control

Take Better Care of You With Everlywell

Whether you’re currently dealing with discomfort or are looking for ways to build health for the long haul, everyone deserves health care that’s hassle-free and more affordable.

From at-home sexual health tests to screen for infections to the prescription services you need to get treated, Everlywell puts creating a healthier, more fulfilling life back in your hands. Find out more about how to make your care more efficient by visiting Everlywell online today and booking a UTI treatment online.

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  1. Painful urination (dysuria) causes. Mayo Clinic. URL. December 3, 2022. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  2. Professional CC Medical. Dysuria (painful urination): Treatment, causes & symptoms. Cleveland Clinic. URL. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  3. Urinary tract infection (UTI). Mayo Clinic. URL. September 14, 2022. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  4. Team U and K. Can cranberry stop your utis? Cleveland Clinic. URL. August 11, 2022. Accessed July 14, 2023.
  5. Sexually transmitted infections treatment guidelines, 2021. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL. January 26, 2023. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  6. Gonorrhea. Mayo Clinic. URL. April 14, 2023. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  7. Chlamydia trachomatis. Mayo Clinic. URL. April 14, 2023. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  8. Common STD symptoms. Mayo Clinic. URL. May 5, 2022. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  9. Urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infections | Office on Women’s Health. URL. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  10. Professional CC Medical. Urinary tract infection (UTI). Cleveland Clinic. URL. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  11. Medina M, Castillo-Pino E. An introduction to the epidemiology and burden of urinary tract infections. Therapeutic advances in urology. URL. May 2, 2019. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  12. Michels TC, Sands JE. Dysuria: Evaluation and differential diagnosis in adults. American Family Physician. URL. November 1, 2015. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  13. Cystitis. Mayo Clinic. URL. August 16, 2022. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  14. Bladder Stones. Mayo Clinic. URL. Accessed July 17, 2023.
  15. Prostatitis. Mayo Clinic. URL. February 19, 2022. Accessed July 17, 2023.
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