Medically reviewed on June 27, 2022 by Jordan Stachel, M.S., RDN, CPT. To give you technically accurate, evidence-based information, content published on the Everlywell blog is reviewed by credentialed professionals with expertise in medical and bioscience fields.
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Understanding all the separate components of the blood can be confusing. Blood tests allow your provider to evaluate your blood, determine overall health, and potentially diagnose certain conditions. A basic metabolic panel is an important tool that can provide greater insight into your health. Learn more about a basic metabolic panel below.
So, what is a basic metabolic panel exactly? Basic and comprehensive metabolic panels are often confused with one another, even though they are different. A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a type of test that looks at your metabolism and chemical balance. Your metabolism is the process of breaking down food and turning it into energy. A basic metabolic panel test is sometimes referred to as a chemistry panel, chemistry screen, electrolyte panel, or chem 7 .
Your healthcare provider may order a basic metabolic panel as part of a regular health exam. It’s also standard when you are being treated in an emergency room, and your healthcare provider may use it to monitor high blood pressure, kidney function, and other chronic conditions .
The basic metabolic panel is like the comprehensive metabolic panel. But unlike the latter, which measures 14 different substances, a basic metabolic panel measures the levels of eight substances in your blood:
1. Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP). Medline Plus. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.
2. Blood Glucose Test. Medline Plus. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.
3. Calcium Blood Test. Medline Plus. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.
4. What are Electrolytes? Cedars Sinai. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.
5. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test. Mayo Clinic. URL. Accessed June 27, 2022.